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Canary Islands

The Canary Islands is an archipelago of the Atlantic Ocean that forms a Spanish autonomous community with the status of a historic nation.

It is also one of the outermost regions of the European Union. It consists of seven main islands: El Hierro, La Gomera, La Palma and Tenerife , which form the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife; and Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura and Lanzarote, which make up the province of Las Palmas.

Also part of the Canary Islands are the insular territories of the Chinijo archipelago (La Graciosa, Montaña Clara and Alegranza), and the islet of Lobos, all of them belonging to the province of Las Palmas.

The archipelago is located in the north of Africa, near the coasts of the south of Morocco and the north of the Sahara, between the coordinates 27º 37 'and 29º 25' of latitude north and 13º 20 'and 18º 10' of west longitude.

Due to this situation, Canarias uses Greenwich Mean Time (UTC ± 0) during the winter and during the boreal summer one (UTC + 1), one hour apart from the rest of the country.

The island of Fuerteventura is about 95 km from the African coast. The distance to the European land mass is about 940 km - from the islet of Alegranza to the end of San Vicente.

Due to its geographical location, the Canaries are the southernmost and westernmost region of Spain.


The islands, of volcanic origin, are part of the natural region of Macaronesia next to the archipelagos of Cape Verde, Azores, Madeira and Salvajes.

Canarias is the most extensive and populated archipelago of the Macaronesia region.

Its climate is subtropical, although it varies locally according to the altitude and the north or south slope.

This climatic variability gives rise to a great biological diversity that, along with the landscape and geological wealth, justifies the existence in the Canary Islands of four national parks and that all the islands have Unesco biosphere reserves, and others have areas declared Heritage of Humanity.

These natural attractions, the good weather and the beaches make the islands an important tourist destination, being visited every year by about 12 million people (11 986 059 in 2007, highlighting 29% of British, 22% of Spaniards not Canaries and 21% Germans).


Canarias currently has a population of 2,101,924 inhabitants2 and a density of 284.46 inhabitants / km², being the eighth autonomy in population.

The population of the archipelago is concentrated mainly in the two capital islands, around 43% on the island of Tenerife and 40% on the island of Gran Canaria.

The total extension of the archipelago is 7447 km².




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