Catalonia is a Spanish autonomous community, considered a historical nationality, located in the northeast of the Iberian peninsula.
It occupies a territory of about 32 000 km² that borders on the north with France and Andorra, on the east with the Mediterranean Sea along a maritime strip of about 580 kilometers, on the south with the Valencian Community, and on the west with Aragón.
This strategic situation has favored a very intense relationship with the territories of the Mediterranean basin and continental Europe. Catalonia is formed by the provinces of Barcelona, Gerona, Lérida and Tarragona.
Its capital is the city of Barcelona.
In the Catalan territory 7,504,008 people live in a total of 947 municipalities, of which 64 exceed 20,000 inhabitants.
Two thirds of the population lives in the metropolitan area of Barcelona.
It constitutes a very dense and highly industrialized territory, leading the sector in Spain since the nineteenth century, and its economy is the most important among the autonomous communities, generating 18.8% of the gross domestic product Spanish GDP.