Cantabria is a uniprovincial Spanish autonomous community defined as a historic community in its Statute of Autonomy.
It limits to the east with the Basque Country, to the south with Castile and León, to the west with the Principality of Asturias and to the north with the Cantabrian Sea.
The city of Santander is its capital and most populated locality.
It has a strong historical link with the Duchy of Cantabria, Asturias de Santillana, the Brotherhood of the Four Villas, the province of the Nine Valleys and the province of Santander.
Cantabria is located on the Cantabrian coast, name given to the strip of land between the Cantabrian Sea and the Cantabrian Mountains, in the north of the Iberian Peninsula.
It has a humid oceanic climate and moderate temperatures, strongly influenced by the winds of the Atlantic Ocean that hit the mountains.
The average rainfall is 1200 mm, which allows the growth of lush vegetation.
Its highest elevation is located at the peak of Torre Blanca 2619 meters.
The community is composed of 102 municipalities, one of them being Valle de Villaverde, an exclave in Vizcaya.
Cantabria is a community rich in archaeological sites of the Upper Paleolithic, although the first signs of human occupation date from the Lower Palaeolithic.
Highlights in this aspect the paintings of the cave of Altamira, dated in 37 000 a. C.8 Along with nine other Cantabrian caves, this cave was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco.