Andalusia is a Spanish autonomous community, considered a historical nationality, composed of the provinces of Almería, Cádiz, Córdoba, Granada, Huelva, Jaén, Málaga and Sevilla.
Its capital is Seville, a city recognized by the Statute of Autonomy as the seat of the Junta de Andalucía.
The seat of the Superior Court of Justice of Andalusia is located in the city of Granada.
It is the most populated autonomous community of Spain 8 411 207 habs and the second most extensive 87 268 km² after Castilla y León, which explains its weight in the whole of Spain.
It is located to the south of the Iberian Peninsula, bounded on the west by Portugal, on the north by the autonomous communities of Extremadura and Castilla-La Mancha, on the east by the Murcia Region and on the south by the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea and Gibraltar .
Through the Strait of Gibraltar, separated by 14 km in its narrowest part, are Morocco and Ceuta on the African continent.
In 1981 it was constituted as an autonomous community, under the provisions of the second article of the Spanish Constitution of 1978, which recognizes and guarantees the right to autonomy of Spanish nationalities and regions.
The process of political autonomy was carried out through the restrictive procedure expressed in Article 151 of the Constitution, which makes Andalusia the only Spanish community that agreed to autonomy through this procedure.