| Comunidad Valenciana
The Valencian Community is a Spanish autonomous community.
It was formally constituted in 1982, when its Statute of Autonomy was approved, and since 2006, when the Statute was reformed, it is considered a historical nationality, 2 under the provisions of the second article of the Constitution.
The current Valencian territory coincides for the most part with that of the historical Kingdom of Valencia, which has received various names throughout history.
At the end of the nineteenth century it was known as the Valencian Region, since the 1960s the form of País Valenciano was used unofficially, 3 and since the Statute of Autonomy of 1982 the term "Comunidad Valenciana" has been extended and popularized.
Valencia is also used, although the latter can lead to confusion with the city or province homonymous.
Its territory, with capital in Valencia, is located in the east and southeast of the Iberian Peninsula.
Also part of the Valencian territory is the archipelago of the Columbretes islands, Tabarca and other smaller islands and islets near the coast, as well as
the Rincón de Ademuz, an exclave completely separated from the rest of the Valencian territory by the Castilian-La Mancha municipality of Santa Cruz de Moya
to the south and the Teruel municipality Arcos de las Salinas to the north. It has an area of 23 255 km², being the eighth most extensive autonomy in Spain.
It is formed by the provinces of Alicante, Castellón and Valencia, and limits to the north with Catalonia and Aragón, to the west with Castilla-La Mancha and Aragón, and to the south with the Region of Murcia.
In the territory of the Valencian Community there are currently 5,004,844 people in a total of 542 municipalities.
The largest concentration of population in the Valencian Community is around the city of Valencia, reaching its metropolitan area to 1 559 084 inhabitants, of which 786 424 are registered in the city.
The second largest concentration of the population of the community is the metropolitan area of Alicante-Elche, which has 757 085 inhabitants.
The Valencian Community constitutes a highly industrialized territory, with a powerful tourism sector and with a high weight of the agricultural sector, reason why its economy is the fourth most important among the Spanish autonomous communities, generating 9.6% of GDP national.7