Melilla is a Spanish autonomous city located in North Africa, on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, at Cape Tres Forcas.
It is part of the Rif region and bordering Morocco, specifically with the communes of Farhana (north and west) and Beni-Enzar (south), both belonging to the province of Nador.
It is also included in the natural geographical area of Guelaya.
The city and its territories extend over 12.5 kmē of surface area in the eastern (eastern) part of Cape Tres Forcas.
It has a population of 86 026 inhabitants and presents various peculiarities due to its geographical position and its history, both in the composition of its population, its economic activity and its culture (the result of the exemplary coexistence of Christians, Muslims, Jews and Hindus).
It has a fortress built between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, equipped with warehouses, reservoirs, bastions, moats, forts, caves, mines, chapels
(one of them, the only Gothic religious work in Africa) and hospitals, which make it the more complete of this shore of the Mediterranean, apart from the strong neo-medieval exteriors, built at the end of the 19th century.
The architectural heritage of Melilla is considered, together with that of Barcelona and over that of Madrid or Valencia, as one of the best exponents of the Spanish modernist style of the early twentieth century.
Currently, it receives every day a floating population of Moroccan municipalities near its hinterland that make its population almost doubled in some occasions.