The Principality of Asturias is a uniprovincial autonomous community of Spain.
Located in the north of Spain it occupies a total area of 10 603.57 km², in which 1 044 481 people live.
Border to the west with the province of Lugo, to the north with the Cantabrian sea, to the east with Cantabria and to the south with the province of León.
It receives the name of Principality for historical reasons, when holding the heir of the Crown of Spain the nobiliary title of "Prince of Asturias", established by Juan I of Castile in the year 1388.
Its capital is the city of Oviedo, while Gijón It is its most populated city.
The current Asturian territorial space coincides basically with the old territory of Asturias Asturias, adjacent to the Asturias de Santillana.
With the territorial division of Javier de Burgos in 1833, the Asturias region of Oviedo became the province of Oviedo, receiving a portion of the territory
of the Asturias of Santillana the councils of Peñamellera Alta, Peñamellera Baja and Ribadedeva, while the rest of them it was integrated in the province of
Santander, later autonomous community of Cantabria.
The Principality of Asturias according to its Statute of Autonomy is considered as a historical community in its article.
It has a legislative assembly called the General Assembly of the Principality, in memory of an old medieval institution representing the councils before the
Crown, and partly coincides with the nuclear zone of the former Kingdom of Asturias in 718 and has two languages.
Own: the Asturian or bable, of the Asturian linguistic trunk, that even though it is not considered official language, has a legal status similar to that
of officiality and the eonaviego or Galician-Asturian, of the Galician-Portuguese linguistic trunk, spoken in the western end councils and that It enjoys a similar status.