Extremadura is an Autonomous Community located in the southwestern area of the Iberian Peninsula.
It is composed of the two largest provinces in Spain: Cáceres and Badajoz.
It limits to the north with the provinces of Salamanca, Ávila, to the south with Huelva, Seville and Córdoba to the east, with Toledo and Ciudad Real and to the west, with Portugal.
Its capital is Mérida, a city recognized by the Statute of Autonomy as the seat of the Junta de Extremadura.
The total population of Extremadura as of July 2017 was 1 072 884 inhabitants according to INE.
It has several denominations of origin such as: Ribera del Guadiana in wines; Dehesa de Extremadura in ham; Casar cake, La Serena cheese and Ibores cheese
cheese; Gata-Hurdes oil, Monterrubio oil in olive oil and other materials such as La Vera paprika, Extremadura beef, Extremadura lamb, Villuercas-Ibores honey or cherries from Valle del Jerte. The climate of its territory is warm in the south and temperate, and even cold, in the north.
It has a great environmental beauty, especially in the north of the community, and a great Historical Heritage.
It also has an important tourist sector, concentrated in the cities of Mérida, Cáceres, Plasencia, Badajoz, Trujillo, Garganta la Olla, Cuacos de Yuste, Guadalupe or Hervás, and in regions such as Valle del Jerte, Valle del Ambroz or He will see her.
The highest peak in the region is the Calvitero, located in the northeast of the province of Cáceres, in the Valle del Jerte, with 2405 masl.
Two of the most important rivers of the Iberian Peninsula pass through Extremadura: the Tagus, and the Guadiana.
Thanks to them, quality agriculture is produced, with products such as paprika, tomato, tobacco and rice.
The Kingdom of León and the Kingdom of Castilla conquered the Taifa of Badajoz between the 12th and 13th centuries.
After the formation of the Crown of Castile by the union of both kingdoms in 1230, the province of Extremadura was created in 1371.
Extremadura is the birthplace of the most famous conquerors of the New World: Francisco Pizarro and Hernán Cortés, conquerors of the Inca and Aztec empires, respectively, and Pedro de Valdivia, conqueror of Chile.
Many other important conquerors were also born in Extremadura.