Red Panda

Red Panda

The red panda or lesser panda (Ailurus fulgens) is a herbivorous mammal species (although part of the order carnivore) native to the Himalayas in Bhutan, southern China, India, Laos, Nepal and Burma. There are indications that the fossil record has also existed in North America. There are an estimated 2,500 mature individuals. Its population is declining due to habitat fragmentation, the removal of their land in China and poaching.

The latest DNA research places the Red Panda
in a separate and distinct family, the ailurids
(Ailuridae). The ailurids are in turn part of
the large superfamily Musteloidea, which also
includes Mephitidae families, and Procyonidae
Mustelidae, but, unlike the giant panda is not
a bear (Ursidae). The taxonomic classification
of the red panda and gigantic panda have been
debated for many decades, since they have
characteristics of both bears, like raccoons.

Red pandas are native to Southeast Asia, Himalayas, southern Tibet, Bhutanese, northeastern India, in the province of Yunnan and the Hengduan Mountains of Sichuan Province in China. It is believed that the last area has been a haven of red pandas.Red pandas live in climates with moderate temperatures (10-25 ° C), with few annual changes in forest areas prefer mountainous elevations of 1800-4800 m, particularly temperate coniferous forests with old trees, rhododendron and, of course , bamboo. Share the habitat with another bamboo specialist, the gigant panda. Red pandas live in old hollow trees. Often they spend the day lying in the high branches of trees, its food is more active in the morning and evening.


Are 3 to 6 dm. Males weigh from 4.5 to 6.2 kg, females 3 to 4.5 kg. The red panda is eating bamboo specialist, with reddish brown in color hair long and smooth on top, which becomes darker on the bottom. The face has white spots similar to those of a raccoon, but each individual has different facial markings. Its head is rounded with straight ears of medium size, black nose, and eyes very dark, almost black. Its tail, long and plush with six rings or red ocher, provides an excellent balance and skill on the slippery moss and lichens covering the trees. The legs are short and black. It also has retractable claws and, like the giant panda, a "false thumb" which is actually an extension of the wrist bones. It has a thick fur on the soles that offer protection from cold and hides the genitals

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Red Panda (Animals)    -    Author : Génesis - Spain

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last update : 2012-03-20

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