San Marino

source : World Fact Book 2008 (October 2008)

SEE UPDATED INFORMATION HERE

   Introduction    San Marino
Background:
Definition Field Listing The third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in A.D. 301. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy; social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.
   Geography    San Marino
Location:
Definition Field Listing Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing 43 46 N, 12 25 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing Europe
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 61.2 sq km
land: 61.2 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing about one third times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing total: 39 km
border countries: Italy 39 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing 0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing none (landlocked)
Climate:
Definition Field Listing Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing rugged mountains
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m
highest point: Monte Titano 755 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing building stone
Land use:
Definition Field Listing arable land: 16.67%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 83.33% (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing NA
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing NA
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing NA
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines
   People    San Marino
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 29,973 (July 2008 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing 0-14 years: 16.8% (male 2,608/female 2,430)
15-64 years: 66% (male 9,464/female 10,304)
65 years and over: 17.2% (male 2,229/female 2,938) (2008 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing total: 41.2 years
male: 40.9 years
female: 41.6 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing 1.181% (2008 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 9.74 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 8.37 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 10.44 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing at birth: 1.09 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 5.44 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.86 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.98 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total population: 81.88 years
male: 78.43 years
female: 85.64 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 1.35 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing noun: Sammarinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sammarinese
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing Sammarinese, Italian
Religions:
Definition Field Listing Roman Catholic
Languages:
Definition Field Listing Italian
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing definition: age 10 and over can read and write
total population: 96%
male: 97%
female: 95%
Education expenditures:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
   Government    San Marino
Country name:
Definition Field Listing conventional long form: Republic of San Marino
conventional short form: San Marino
local long form: Repubblica di San Marino
local short form: San Marino
Government type:
Definition Field Listing republic
Capital:
Definition Field Listing name: San Marino
geographic coordinates: 43 56 N, 12 25 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing 9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Montegiardino, San Marino Citta, Serravalle
Independence:
Definition Field Listing 3 September AD 301
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing Founding of the Republic, 3 September (AD 301)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing 8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing based on civil law system with Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing chief of state: Co-chiefs of State Captain Regent Federico Pedini AMATI and Captain Regent Rosa ZAFFERANI (for the period 1 April-30 September 2008)
head of government: Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Fiorenzo STOLFI (since 27 July 2006)
cabinet: Congress of State elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term
elections: co-chiefs of state (captains regent) elected by the Great and General Council for a six-month term; election last held in September 2007 (next to be held in March 2008); secretary of state for foreign and political affairs elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term; election last held 27 July 2006 (next to be held by 2011)
election results: Mirko TOMASSONI and Alberto SELVA elected captains regent; percent of legislative vote - NA; Fiorenzo STOLFI elected secretary of state for foreign and political affairs; percent of legislative vote - NA
note: the popularly elected parliament (Grand and General Council) selects two of its members to serve as the Captains Regent (co-chiefs of state) for a six-month period; they preside over meetings of the Grand and General Council and its cabinet (Congress of State), which has 10 other members, all selected by the Grand and General Council; assisting the captains regent are 10 secretaries of state; the secretary of state for Foreign Affairs has assumed some prime ministerial roles
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing unicameral Grand and General Council or Consiglio Grande e Generale (60 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 4 June 2006 (next to be held by June 2011)
election results: percent of vote by party - PDCS 32.9%, Party of Socialists and Democrats 31.9%, AP 11.9%, United Left 8.7%, New Socialist Party 5.4%, other parties 9.2%; seats by party - PDCS 21, Party of Socialists and Democrats 20, AP 7, United Left 5, New Socialist Party 3, others 4; note - following a government reshuffle on 28 NOvember 2007, a splinter party of the PDCS joined the center-left coalition formed by the Party of Socialists and Democrats, the APDS, and the United Left strengthening the government's parliamentary majority to 36 seats out of 60
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing Council of Twelve or Consiglio dei XII
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing Communist Refoundation or RC [Ivan FOSHI]; Ideas in Movement or IM [Alessandro ROSSI]; National Alliance or AN [Glauco SANSOVINI]; New Socialist Party [Augusto CASALI]; Party of Socialists and Democrats [Claudio FELICI]; San Marino Christian Democratic Party or PDCS [Pier Marino MENICUCCI]; San Marino Popular Alliance of Democrats or AP [Roberto GIORGETTI]; San Marino Socialist Party or PSS [Alberto CECCHETTI]; Socialists for Reform or SR [Renzo GIARDI]; United Left
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing CE, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ITU, ITUC, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WHO, WIPO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing San Marino does not have an embassy in the US
honorary consulate(s) general: New York, Washington, DC
honorary consulate(s): Detroit, Honolulu
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing the US does not have an embassy in San Marino; the ambassador to Italy is accredited to San Marino
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty)
   Economy    San Marino
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing The tourist sector contributes over 50% of GDP. In 2006 more than 2.1 million tourists visited San Marino. The key industries are banking, clothing and apparel, electronics, and ceramics. Main agricultural products are wine and cheeses. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of the most prosperous regions of Italy, which supplies much of its food.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $850 million (2004 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate):
Definition Field Listing $1.048 billion (2004)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 4.6% (2004 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $34,100 (2004 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 20,470 (2004)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing agriculture: 0.2%
industry: 40.1%
services: 59.7% (2006 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 3.8% (2004)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order -1.5% (2006)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing revenues: $709.6 million
expenditures: $672.3 million (2004)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing wheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle, pigs, horses, beef, cheese, hides
Industries:
Definition Field Listing tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 5.6% (2005 est.)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $1.291 billion (2004)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, ceramics
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $2.035 billion (2004)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing wide variety of consumer manufactures, food
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing $NA
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $NA
Market value of publicly traded shares:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $NA
Currency (code):
Definition Field Listing euro (EUR)
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing calendar year
   Communications    San Marino
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 21,000 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 17,390 (2006)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing general assessment: adequate connections
domestic: automatic telephone system completely integrated into Italian system; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 130 telephones per 100 persons
international: country code - 378; connected to Italian international network
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing 1 (San Marino residents also receive broadcasts from Italy) (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing .sm
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 3,344 (2007)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 15,400 (2006)
   Transportation    San Marino
Roadways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 104 km
paved: 104 km (2003)
   Military    San Marino
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing no regular military forces; Voluntary Military Force (Corpi Militari Voluntar) performs ceremonial duties and limited police support functions (2008)
Military service age and obligation:
Definition Field Listing 16-55 for voluntary service in Voluntary Military Force (2006)
Manpower available for military service:
Definition Field Listing males age 16-49: 6,613 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing males age 16-49: 5,345 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
Definition Field Listing male: 156
female: 154 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing defense is the responsibility of Italy
   Transnational Issues    San Marino
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing none



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Source : CIA's World Fact Book 2008

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