Anguilla

source : World Fact Book 2008 (October 2008)

SEE UPDATED INFORMATION HERE

   Introduction    Anguilla
Background:
Definition Field Listing Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency, along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980, with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.
   Geography    Anguilla
Location:
Definition Field Listing Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing 18 15 N, 63 10 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 102 sq km
land: 102 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing about half the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing 0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing 61 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing salt, fish, lobster
Land use:
Definition Field Listing arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds) (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing NA
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles
   People    Anguilla
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 14,108 (July 2008 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing 0-14 years: 24.8% (male 1,795/female 1,706)
15-64 years: 67.6% (male 4,569/female 4,970)
65 years and over: 7.6% (male 510/female 558) (2008 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing total: 32.3 years
male: 31.3 years
female: 33.4 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing 2.332% (2008 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 13.11 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 4.39 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 14.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 3.54 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.01 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.06 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total population: 80.53 years
male: 78.01 years
female: 83.12 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 1.75 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing noun: Anguillan(s)
adjective: Anguillan
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing black (predominant) 90.1%, mixed, mulatto 4.6%, white 3.7%, other 1.5% (2001 census)
Religions:
Definition Field Listing Anglican 29%, Methodist 23.9%, other Protestant 30.2%, Roman Catholic 5.7%, other Christian 1.7%, other 5.2%, none or unspecified 4.3% (2001 census)
Languages:
Definition Field Listing English (official)
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing definition: age 12 and over can read and write
total population: 95%
male: 95%
female: 95% (1984 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
Definition Field Listing total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2006)
Education expenditures:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 4% of GDP (2005)
   Government    Anguilla
Country name:
Definition Field Listing conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Anguilla
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing overseas territory of the UK
Government type:
Definition Field Listing NA
Capital:
Definition Field Listing name: The Valley
geographic coordinates: 18 13 N, 63 03 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing none (overseas territory of the UK)
Independence:
Definition Field Listing none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing Anguilla Day, 30 May (1967)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 April 1982; amended 1990
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing based on English common law
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Andrew N. GEORGE (since 10 July 2006)
head of government: Chief Minister Osbourne FLEMING (since 3 March 2000)
cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly
elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats; 7 members elected by direct popular vote, 2 ex officio members, and 2 appointed; members serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 21 February 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
election results: percent of vote by party - AUF 38.9%, AUM 19.4%, ANSA 19.2%, APP 9.5%, independents 13%; seats by party - AUF 4, ANSA 2, AUM 1
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing High Court (judge provided by Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing Anguilla United Front or AUF [Osbourne FLEMING, Victor BANKS] (a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA); Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES]; Anguilla Progressive Party or APP [Roy ROGERS]; Anguilla Strategic Alternative or ANSA [Edison BAIRD]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPU
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with blue wavy water below
   Economy    Anguilla
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry has spurred the growth of the construction sector, contributing to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small, but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend largely on the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $108.9 million (2004 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate):
Definition Field Listing $108.9 million (2004 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 10.2% (2004 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $8,800 (2004 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing agriculture: 4%
industry: 18%
services: 78% (2002 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 6,049 (2001)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining 4%, manufacturing 3%, construction 18%, transportation and utilities 10%, commerce 36%, services 29% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 8% (2002)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing 23% (2002)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 5.3% (2006 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing revenues: $22.8 million
expenditures: $22.5 million (2000 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising
Industries:
Definition Field Listing tourism, boat building, offshore financial services
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 3.1% (1997 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA kWh
Current account balance:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order -$42.87 million (2003 est.)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $13 million (2006)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing lobster, fish, livestock, salt, concrete blocks, rum
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing UK, US, Puerto Rico, Saint-Martin (2006)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $143 million (2006)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures, chemicals, trucks, textiles
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing US, Puerto Rico, UK (2006)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing $9 million (2004 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $8.8 million (1998)
Currency (code):
Definition Field Listing East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
note: fixed rate since 1976
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing 1 April - 31 March
   Communications    Anguilla
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 6,200 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 1,800 (2002)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing general assessment: NA
domestic: modern internal telephone system
international: country code - 1-264; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles) (2007)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing AM 2, FM 7, shortwave 0 (2004)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing 1 (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing .ai
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 319 (2007)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 3,000 (2002)
   Transportation    Anguilla
Airports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 3 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing total: 2
under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Roadways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 175 km
paved: 82 km
unpaved: 93 km (2004)
Ports and terminals:
Definition Field Listing Blowing Point, Road Bay
   Military    Anguilla
Manpower available for military service:
Definition Field Listing males age 16-49: 3,538 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing males age 16-49: 2,929 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
Definition Field Listing male: 103
female: 103 (2008 est.)
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing defense is the responsibility of the UK
   Transnational Issues    Anguilla
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing none
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe



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Source : CIA's World Fact Book 2008

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