Montserrat

source : World Fact Book 2008 (October 2008)

SEE UPDATED INFORMATION HERE

   Introduction    Montserrat
Background:
Definition Field Listing English and Irish colonists from St. Kitts first settled on Montserrat in 1632; the first African slaves arrived three decades later. The British and French fought for possession of the island for most of the 18th century, but it finally was confirmed as a British possession in 1783. The island's sugar plantation economy was converted to small farm landholdings in the mid 19th century. Much of this island was devastated and two-thirds of the population fled abroad because of the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano that began on 18 July 1995. Montserrat has endured volcanic activity since, with the last eruption occurring in July 2003.
   Geography    Montserrat
Location:
Definition Field Listing Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing 16 45 N, 62 12 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 102 sq km
land: 102 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing about 0.6 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing 0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing 40 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing volcanic island, mostly mountainous, with small coastal lowland
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: lava dome in English's Crater (in the Soufriere Hills volcanic complex) estimated at over 930 m (2006)
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing NEGL
Land use:
Definition Field Listing arable land: 20%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 80% (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing NA
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing severe hurricanes (June to November); volcanic eruptions (Soufriere Hills volcano has erupted continuously since 1995)
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing land erosion occurs on slopes that have been cleared for cultivation
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing the island is entirely volcanic in origin and comprised of three major volcanic centers of differing ages
   People    Montserrat
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 5,079
note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned (July 2008 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing 0-14 years: 27.8% (male 738/female 675)
15-64 years: 64.8% (male 1,575/female 1,716)
65 years and over: 7.4% (male 245/female 130) (2008 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing total: 28.1 years
male: 28 years
female: 28.1 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing 0.315% (2008 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 12.01 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 8.86 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA (2008 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.88 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 16.46 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12.19 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 20.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total population: 72.6 years
male: 74.66 years
female: 70.44 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 1.22 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing noun: Montserratian(s)
adjective: Montserratian
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing black, white
Religions:
Definition Field Listing Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations
Languages:
Definition Field Listing English
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 97%
male: 97%
female: 97% (1970 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
Definition Field Listing total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2006)
Education expenditures:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 3.3% of GDP (2004)
   Government    Montserrat
Country name:
Definition Field Listing conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Montserrat
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing overseas territory of the UK
Government type:
Definition Field Listing NA
Capital:
Definition Field Listing name: Plymouth
geographic coordinates: 16 42 N, 62 13 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
note: Plymouth was abandoned in 1997 because of volcanic activity; interim government buildings have been built at Brades Estate in the Carr's Bay/Little Bay vicinity at the northwest end of Montserrat
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing 3 parishes; Saint Anthony, Saint Georges, Saint Peter
Independence:
Definition Field Listing none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing effective 19 December 1989
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing English common law and statutory law
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Peter A. WATERWORTH (since 27 July 2007)
head of government: Chief Minister Lowell LEWIS (since 2 June 2006)
cabinet: Executive Council consists of the governor, the chief minister, three other ministers, the attorney general, and the finance secretary
elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party usually becomes chief minister
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing unicameral Legislative Council (11 seats, 9 popularly elected; members serve five-year terms)
note: expanded in 2001 from 7 to 9 elected members with attorney general and financial secretary sitting as ex-officio members
elections: last held 31 May 2006 (next to be held by 2011)
election results: percent of vote by party - MCAP 36.1%, NPLM 29.4%, MDP 24.4%, independents 10.1%; seats by party - MCAP 4, NPLM 3, MDP 1, independents 1
note: in 2001, the Elections Commission instituted a single constituency/voter-at-large system whereby all eligible voters cast ballots for all nine seats of the Legislative Council
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based in Saint Lucia, one judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of the islands and presides over the High Court)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing Montserrat Democratic Party or MDP [Lowell LEWIS]; Movement for Change and Prosperity or MCAP [Roselyn CASSELL-SEALY]; New People's Liberation Movement or NPLM [John A. OSBORNE]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing Caricom, CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPU
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Montserratian coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms features a woman standing beside a yellow harp with her arm around a black cross
   Economy    Montserrat
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing Severe volcanic activity, which began in July 1995, has put a damper on this small, open economy. A catastrophic eruption in June 1997 closed the airports and seaports, causing further economic and social dislocation. Two-thirds of the 12,000 inhabitants fled the island. Some began to return in 1998, but lack of housing limited the number. The agriculture sector continued to be affected by the lack of suitable land for farming and the destruction of crops. Prospects for the economy depend largely on developments in relation to the volcanic activity and on public sector construction activity. The UK has launched a three-year $122.8 million aid program to help reconstruct the economy. Half of the island is expected to remain uninhabitable for another decade.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $29 million (2002 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate):
Definition Field Listing $NA
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order -1% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $3,400 (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing agriculture: 1.2%
industry: 23.1%
services: 75.7% (1999 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 4,521
note: lowered by flight of people from volcanic activity (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 6% (1998 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 2.6% (2002 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing revenues: $31.4 million
expenditures: $31.6 million (1997 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing cabbages, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, peppers; livestock products
Industries:
Definition Field Listing tourism, rum, textiles, electronic appliances
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA%
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 20 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 18.6 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing 0 kWh (2005)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 480 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 458 bbl/day (2004)
Oil - proved reserves:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)
Natural gas - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (2005)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $700,000 (2001)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing electronic components, plastic bags, apparel; hot peppers, limes, live plants; cattle
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing US, Antigua and Barbuda (2006)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $17 million (2001)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing machinery and transportation equipment, foodstuffs, manufactured goods, fuels, lubricants, and related materials
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing US, UK, Trinidad and Tobago, Japan, Canada (2006)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing Country Policy Plan (2001) is a three-year program for spending $122.8 million in British budgetary assistance (2002 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order $8.9 million (1997)
Currency (code):
Definition Field Listing East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
note: fixed rate since 1976
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing 1 April - 31 March
   Communications    Montserrat
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing general assessment: modern and fully digitalized
domestic: NA
international: country code - 1-664; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) optic submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing 1 (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing .ms
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 367 (2007)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order NA
   Transportation    Montserrat
Airports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order 2 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing total: 2
under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Roadways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order total: 227 km
note: volcanic eruptions that began in 1995 destroyed most of the road system (2003)
Ports and terminals:
Definition Field Listing Little Bay, Plymouth
   Military    Montserrat
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing no regular military forces; Royal Montserrat Police Force (2008)
Manpower available for military service:
Definition Field Listing males age 16-49: 2,528 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing males age 16-49: 2,097 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
Definition Field Listing male: 31
female: 39 (2008 est.)
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing defense is the responsibility of the UK
   Transnational Issues    Montserrat
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing none
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe



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Source : CIA's World Fact Book 2008

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