Countries of the World
MONTSERRAT-THE EMERALD ISLE




HI!I AM KATIE ELIZABEH FROM GUYANA.I AM FOURTEEN YEARS OLD.THIS IS MY BLOG ON MONTSERRAT.HOPE YOU LIKE IT!




Montserrat is a British overseas territory located in the Leeward Islands, part of the chain of islands called the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. Montserrat was given its name by Christopher Columbus on his second voyage to the New World in 1493, after its namesake located in Catalonia, Spain. Montserrat is often referred to as the Emerald Isle of the Caribbean, due both to its resemblance to coastal Ireland and to the Irish descent of most of its early European settlers.


MAP OF MONTSERRAT-THE EMERALD ISLE
The island of Montserrat is located approximately 480 km east-southeast of Puerto Rico and 48 km Southwest of Antigua. It comprises only 104 km² and is increasing gradually owing to volcanic deposits on the southeast coast of the island; it is 16 km long and 11 km wide, with dramatic rock faced cliffs rising 15 to 30 m above the sea and smooth bottomed sandy beaches scattered among coves on the west side of the island. Montserrat has been a quiet haven of extraordinary scenic beauty and near perfect climate.

Montserrat has only two islets: Little Redonda and Virgin.



COAT OF ARMS
MOTTO:EACH ENDEAVOURING,ALL ACHIEVING
Parishes
Montserrat is divided into three parishes:

Saint Anthony Parish
Saint Georges Parish
Saint Peter Parish


Capital Plymouth
Official languages: English
Government British Overseas Territory
- Queen Elizabeth II
- Governor :Peter Andrew Waterworth
- Chief Minister: Lowell Lewis
British overseas territory
- British control established 1632
Area
- Total 102 km
39 sq mi
Currency East Caribbean dollar
Nationality:

noun: Montserratian(s)
adjective: Montserratian
Ethnic groups: black, white — mainly of mixed Irish and African descent

Religions: Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations

Languages: English

Anthem: "God Save the Queen"

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 97%
male: 97%
female: 97% (1970 est.)
National Anthem:

God Save Our Queen

God save our gracious Queen,
Long live our noble Queen,
God save the Queen;
Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious,
Long to reign over us:
God save the Queen.

O Lord our God arise,
Scatter her enemies,
And make them fall:
Confound their politics,
Frustrate their knavish tricks,
On Thee our hopes we fix:
God save us all.

Thy choicest gifts in store,
On her be pleased to pour,
Long may she reign:
May she defend our laws,
And ever give us cause
To sing with heart and voice
God save the Queen.


W.H. Bramble Airport, also known as Blackburne Airport, was a small international airport on the east coast of the island of Montserrat, a British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean.

Named after Montserrat Chief Minister William Henry Bramble, the airport was located near the now-abandoned capital of Plymouth. The facility was destroyed in 1997 by an eruption of the nearby Soufriere Hills volcano. For several years afterwards, Montserrat had been only accessible by helicopters or boats until July 2005 when the new Gerald's Airport was completed on the north end of the island.

Bramble Airport had used the IATA airport code MNI, but this has now been transferred to the new Gerald's Airport.

With the completion of Beatles producer George Martin’s AIR Studios Montserrat in 1979, the island attracted world-famous musicians who came to record in the peace and quiet and lush tropical surroundings of Montserrat. The last several years of the 20th century, however, brought two events which devastated the island.
In September 1989, Hurricane Hugo struck Montserrat with full force, damaging over 90 percent of the structures on the island. AIR Studios closed, and the tourist trade upon which the island depended was nearly wiped out. Within a few years, however, the island had recovered considerably — only to be struck again by disaster.

Long referred to as "The Emerald Isle of the Caribbean" for both its Irish heritage and its resemblance to coastal Ireland, Montserrat today remains lush and green. A new airport, opened officially by the Princess Royal Princess Anne in February 2005, received its first commercial flights on July 11, 2005, and docking facilities are in place at Little Bay where a new capital is being constructed out of reach of any further volcanic activity.

The people of Montserrat were granted full residency rights in the United Kingdom in 1998, and citizenship was granted in 2002.



Montserrat's National Bird, The Oriole sits on the National Flower, The Heliconia.



A DONKEY


The climax of Montserrat's year is the annual year-end Festival held every December. Events usually include calypso competitions, beauty and talent shows, choral singing,the Schools Arts Festival, the Prince and Princess show, and the New Year's Parade of costumed troupes. Several street "jump-ups" are also part of Festival, featuring informal dancing through the streets to the sounds of music. Additionally, Montserrat's traditional masked dancers, the "Masquerades" perform on stage and around the villages, with their quaint costumes, tall head dresses, masks and whips, performing the time-worn steps to the sounds of fife and drums.



The national festival of Montserrat is the Christmas Festival.Every year during Christmas, the spirit of joy and celebration spreads through this small island. The entire week from mid-December to New Year's eve is called 'Christmas Week' and is dedicated to a number of fun-filled events. Many bands turn up on the streets to entertain everyone with lively music. You can also participate in the masquerades and costume competitions. This is the time when a large number of visitors come to Montserrat. An addition to the revelry is the Miss Festival Queen Pageant and the Calypso King Competition, which are held during this period. It's fun for all.


NATIONAL FOOD:GOAT WATER
National Fruit

The Julie Mango is a succulent variety of one of the Caribbean's favourite fruit. It can be found all over Montserrat and is ripe for the picking during the summer months.



LIMES


COTTON


SUGAR
In Montserrat, limes and cotton and to some extent sugar are major export crops.


Montserrat has only two islets: Little Redonda and Virgin.

The Soufrière Hills or Montserrat volcano is an active complex stratovolcano with many lava domes forming its summit on this island of Montserrat. After a long period of dormancy it became active in 1995, and eruptions have continued up to the present. The last eruption was in July 2003.



Its Georgian-era capital city of Plymouth was destroyed and two-thirds of the island's population forced to flee abroad by an eruption of the previously dormant Soufriere Hills volcano that began on July 18, 1995. The eruption continues today on a much reduced scale, the damage being confined to the areas around Plymouth including its docking facilities and the former W.H. Bramble Airport. An exclusion zone extending from the south coast of the island north to parts of the Belham Valley has been closed because of an increase in the size of the existing volcanic dome. This zone includes St. George's Hill which provided visitors with a spectacular view of the volcano and the destruction it has wrought upon the capital. A new airport at Gerald's in the northern part of the island opened in 2005.



Soufriere Hills volcano
Montserrat has its own FIFA Affiliated Football Team, and has twice competed in the World Cup qualifiers. A field for the team was built near the airport by FIFA. The Montserrat team are currently tied for 201st place in the FIFA world rankings with seven other teams, including American Samoa and Guam.



Famous Montserratians
Alphonsus "Arrow" Cassell, MBE born in Montserrat is well known for his soca song "Hot Hot Hot" which has sold over 4 million copies.
Shabazz Baidoo — A footballer who has a Montserrat descent, makes a living in Football League 2 in England, playing for Dagenham & Redbridge.
Tesfaye Bramble — A footballer who makes a living in Football League 2 in England, playing for Stockport County.
Junior Mendes — A professional footballer who has represented Montserrat twice in international games, currently playing for Aldershot Town in the Conference National League.
Jim Allen — A former cricketer who represented the World Series Cricket West Indians.




Beach party


View of a Montserrat beach


BOYS PLAYING ON BEACH


Plymouth,the capital of Montserrat was abandoned in 1997 due to a volcanic eruption.The destruction of Plymouth caused severe problems for Montserrat. It was the largest settlement on the island, with around 4,000 inhabitants, and it contained most of the island's shops and services in addition to its seat of government. Some of the lost facilities have been recreated elsewhere on Montserrat, but more than two-thirds of the island's population was evacuated overseas.

Brades (or Brades Estate) (approx. pop. 1,000) is the de facto capital of Montserrat, and is in the Carr's Bay/Little Bay vicinity at the northwest end of Montserrat. The official capital Plymouth has been abandoned since 1997 due to the eruption of Soufriere Hills volcano.


CYSTAL SEA OF MONTSERRAT


Hiking in the beautiful rainforest covered mountains


SCUBADIVING


CORAL REEF


Old Road Bay Beach
The beaches on Montserrat are serene.


Anglican church, Montserrat
located in the still surviving Northern part of the island
(then being used to house displaced families)



BOTANICAL GARDENS OF MONTSERRAT
Because much of Montserrat's rainforest was destroyed by eruptions, the garden will showcase some of the island's rare, indigenous plants. The hope is that it will raise awareness of the need to conserve the remaining flora, as well as bringing a much-needed boost to the tourist industry.



GARIBALDI HILL
This is a good vantage point to view the devastated capital, Plymouth. The long deserted town, destroyed by the eruptions of the Soufriere Hills Volcano in 1997, has since been inundated by mudflows, gradually burying many of the buildings. You can also look down on the Belham River and Golf Course, now covered by mud brought down from the volcano during heavy rain.


SUNSET OVER GARIBALDI HILL


ROAD LEADING INTO FOXES BAY
This beach falls into the daytime entry zone because of its proximity to the volcano, so check whether visits are allowed. The site of a former bird sanctuary, the vegetation has been ravaged by the combined effects of volcanic gas and ash and hurricanes, leaving the trees stripped bare. The birds (like the humans) have long relocated to areas further north. Before the volcano this was also an upcoming residential area.



FAMILY PICNICKING AT DUCK POND


THANK YOU FOR VISITING MY SITE ON MONTSERRAT.I HOPE THAT IT WAS BENEFICIAL TO YOU IN HELPING YOU TO LEARN ABOUT THE 'EMERALD ISLE' OF THE CARIBBEAN.CHECK OUT MY OTHER SITES ON GUYANA(BLOG OF THE MONTH FOR DECEMBER 2007),TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO(BLOG OF THE MONTH FOR JANUARY 2008),ST.VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES(BLOG OF THE MONTH FOR FEBRUARY 2008),HAITI(BLOG OF THE MONTH FOR JANUARY 2009) AND JAMAICA(BLOG OF THE MONTH FOR DECEMBER 2008).





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