Origin and curiosities about the Boxer Dog Breed
Check out the features, trivia, history and everything you did not know about the boxer breed dogs here on the page about the origins of the boxer dog.
The Boxer breed is of German origin, was developed in the late nineteenth century by a group of Germans who sought cinófilos get through the intersection of a kind of old dog, known as the English Bulldog Bullenbeisser with a race of homogeneous characteristics and elegant.
Near 1890, a dog with the characteristics of current Boxer performed in Munich, the German city of the region of Bavaria and mated with an old bulldog. This cross resulted dogs developed chin, ears high and strong bones.
Derived from these subsequent crosses copies to remove excess is white in color from the bulldog, and thereby to obtain desired coloring, laurel or gold, and addition and most importantly, reduce the strength and conformation heavy, seeking a conformation more agile and elegant.
The Bullenbeisser was a dog coat or golden tiger and his constitution was too massive, big head, and exaggerated musculature.
In 1896 was founded the first Boxer Club in Munich. From there, it was concluded by the trainers of the need to eliminate race up completely all the features of the bulldog that could devalue the ideal boxer, trying to fix the brindle and golden color as standard instead of white.
After more than a hundred years for the betterment of the breed, what we see today is a dog harmonious, elegant and powerful. Compact and square figure, his bone is heavy and its short coat. Musculature of plastic is powerfully developed and clearly defined, which gives a noble and athletic appearance.
Of average height for large males should measure around 60 cm, with males over 60 cm must weigh more than 30 pounds. Females, slightly smaller, measuring about 55 cm and those that measure more than 56 cm, must weigh more than 25 pounds.
Temperament faithful and very attached to his owner and territory, the Boxer is a brave guardian. Courageous, is endowed with a potent attack that is facilitated by projecting his jaw, when part to perform this function, only quit if triggered by its owner or overcome by death. Docile in the family, not a single dog owner. Celebrates the joy with everyone. With children, their dedication is amazing.
Even without knowing, caring and plays with them as if they were children in the house. It is endowed with eminent smell and their docility, allied with power, make Boxer's easy to teach a dog. Although not as popular these days, the Boxer is maintained for years between ten breeds registered in Brazil.
The Boxer, due to its versatility and tolerant temperament, likes all kinds of people, especially those seeking to combine into a single company guard and race. The coat color now recognized by official standards of the breed is gold and brindle, however, the number of dogs is growing very white coat and black fur of some dogs have started to be created which should certainly change the design Current colors allowed in an average time.
It is a dog that does not bark for nothing and who likes to be close to the owner, however, is not seeking attention of those races all the time. While it is an active dog, the question is not demanding space. A yard and a corridor are sufficient. There are reports that the owners have in apartments and they say, living well and not bother.
The short coat promotes hygienic condition and not exhale that "dog smell" strong, cumber is not to create it in these environments. It is true that the tours are convenient, but nothing that needs to be long or tiring.
Remember that the apparent docility not mean they are bonachões and only serve to company. The Boxer is a brave and effective watchdog.
His ancestors, the "Bulldogs" English were used in competitions with bulls in England. Then the boxers themselves were used for hunting large animals like bears. Today's boxers are admired for their companionship and sense of protection for the owner.
Boxers came from Germany and were little known outside there until World War II. They descended from the same ancestors of the Mastiff: Bullenbeisser and Barenbeisser. These were the constitution round, muscled and powerful jaws.
The Boxer as it is known today was created in Munich in the late nineteenth century at the same time that the name originated BOXER. There is much controversy about the origin of the name but one of the most accepted hypothesis is that the name derives from the particular way the breed dogs often use their front legs to play with each other.
The Boxer was one of the first breeds to be used as police dogs in Germany. Your training guide for the blind was also successful. During the research for this article we find many quotes about how boxers do well with children and dogs that are playful and has a longer working life than other breeds.
The ideal Boxer is a medium sized dog, Constitution Square, robust short back, strong limbs and the short and thick.
Characteristics of a boxer dog:
Size: Adult males measure between 55.9 cm and 63.5 cm in height while females are between 53.3 and 58.4 cm approx. Being that the male should not measure less than the minimum nor females exceed the maximum. However what is taken into account is the balance of all individual quality since the size is not disqualifying.
Head: The beauty of the head depends on the harmony between the muzzle and the skull. Muzzle should be 1/3 the distance from the occipital the nose tip and having a width corresponding to 2/3 of the width of the skull. The head should not have deep wrinkles.
Expression: Intelligent and alert.
Eyes: dark brown color, not too small nor protruding much less deep.
Ears: Set on the highest point of each side of the skull. They should remain upright when alert.
Skull: The top of the skull is arched, it should not be rounded, flattened or too broad.
Muzzle: Proportional length and width with the skull, without being pointed, narrow, short or shallow. The nose should be broad and black. The upper jaw is broad in the encounter with the skull and maintains this width to get in front where thins a bit. The upper lip is thick. The Boxer is normally undershot lower. The canines of the lower jaw must have a good length and are separated. The boxer does not show teeth or tongue when the mouth is closed.
Bite: The corner incisors fit on the back of lower canines every corner.
Neck and body: Neck Round, of ample length, muscular, without dewlap.
Body: The chest is broad, the chest is deep and well defined is visible from the side, the depth of the body at the lowest point of the brisket - equivalent to half the height of the dog, the ribs extend to the back and are well sprung but should not get to have barrel-shaped, the loin is short and muscular, his shoulders are long and oblique muscles covered by discreet.
Rooms: The hindquarters are strongly muscled with angulation in balance with the front. The front, seen from the front straight and parallel.
Coat: Short, shiny and uniformly falling close to the body.
Color: Brown and gold. Since the brown varies from light to dark more profound. The brindle variety should have black bands on a golden background. White markings should not exceed 1/3 of the color of the base and the back are not desirable.
Temperament: It is by instinct a watchdog. However proves playful and affectionate with family and acquaintances. Extremely patient with children. And curious and cautious with strangers. Undaunted threatened and friendly with well-intentioned approaches. They draw attention to intelligence, loyalty, affection, the fact of always being alert and responsive to discipline.
Health: The boxer is susceptible to a number of problems.
For example, hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, digestive disorders, benign and malignant tumors and cardiomyopathies. Dysplasia and hypothyroidism affect many dogs and should be detected before the intersection.
Dogs with dysplasia should not play. Have dogs with hypothyroidism problem since it can cross this intersection is done carefully and with dogs that do not have thyroid problems.
Thyroid disease can be controlled with medication, since dysplasia require surgical intervention.
However, the incidence of these diseases is not high in general and the boxer is a healthy dog.
Surgeries: The time indicated for ear surgery is: between 9 and 10 weeks of age and surgery tail is: up to 5 days.
Some faults are boxer: head atypical, plump appearance, appearance of Bulldog, light boned, weak-sized, clear eyes, dewlap, chest too wide, too narrow chest, elbows in or out, hare feet, sway back or narrow , loin narrow, low insertion of tail, rump or round very close or fall, gait saltitada, timidity and cowardice.
Boxer White: You could not talk about race without at least commenting white boxers. To understand its occurrence requires a little knowledge of genetics. Boxers have three genes for basic colors: black, gold and white. Since each individual can have two of these genes, each gene comes from a parent.
The white gene is recessive. Thus, for a dog to have white coat he should inherit the father and mother the recessive gene for white coat. Thus, if a parent does not have the gene for white fur is impossible to be born a white puppy if both parents have the gene for white fur there is a chance of a baby being born with white fur.
During the research found that a particular showed a high incidence of deafness in white boxers. Otherwise, we found no significant differences with regard to health, temperament and conformation of white boxers.