Peru
All information
Geography
Climate
Population
Economy

Motto : Stable and happy through the unity of all.


Peru
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PERPRUPEPERPE.pe604PEPERPEN60451-5

EDM code : Etudiants Du Monde / Students of the World.
ITU code : International Communication Union.
FIPS code (FIPS 10-4) : intended for general use throughout the US Government.
ISO codes : International Organization for Standardization.

National Anthem





Peru - Physical geography

Area : 1 287 000 Km2
Water : 0.4 %
Lands under cultivation : 3 %
Wild pasture lands : 21 %
Forests : 51 %

Min. Height : 0 m (Pacific Ocean)
Max. Height : 6768 m (Nevado Huascaran)


Peru - Climate
22°
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23°
0
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22°
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21°
0
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18°
2
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17°
3
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16°
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15°
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16°
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16°
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18°
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20°
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Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Temperatures °C (degrees Celsius) in Lima
Rainfall (mm) in Lima
(Average values for each month)


Peru - People
Nationality : Peruvian
Main language(s) : Spanish, Kechua (16%)

2002

2005
Population (2005) : 27 965 000 people
2002
2005
Density : 22 people / Km2
Fertility rate : 2.78 children / woman
Life expectancy : 70 years
Urban population : 74 %

Main cities :
6 500 000 people Lima (capital)
1 050 000 people Arequipa
600 000 people Trujillo
420 000 people Callao
270 000 people Cuzco


Peru - Economy
Currency : Sol (PEN) = 100 Centimos
Rate of exchange (Sept.2004) :

1 Euro = 4.08 Soles (PEN)

GDP (Gross Domestic Product), 2002 : 54.8 billion dollars
GDP per capita, 2002 : 1960 dollars
GNP (Gross National Product), 2005 : 73.05 billion dollars
GNP per capita, 2005 : 2612 dollars


Peru - Miscellaneous information
MAIN NATURAL RESOURCES (world rank 2002) :
- Coca leaves (2)
- Lemons (10)
- Coffee (12)
- Cocoa (13)
- Potatoes (17)
- Sugar cane (18)
- Rice (25)
- Mules (7)
- Sheeps (16)
- Silver (2)
- Tin (2)
- Zinc (3)
- Lead (4)
- Copper (5)
- Gold (6)
- Iron (16)
- Deposits of gas
RECORDS :
- Source of the biggest river flow in the world (Amazon, 150 000 m3/s). See also Brazil.
- Source of the 2nd longest river in the world (Amazon, 6400 km). See also Brazil.
- Largest lake in South America = Titicaca (8200 Km2 ; height=3811 m). See also Bolivia.
- The 2nd highest village in the world = Minasraga (5 100 m).


Students of the World => Countries of the World => Peru
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Source of information : Le Quid - Atlas Economique Mondial 2007 du Nouvel Observateur - Maps & flags : CIA's World Fact Book
Countries of the World - (c) Students of the World / Etudiants du Monde - www.StudentsoftheWorld.info
Since 2001, December 6