Madagascar
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Geography
Climate
Population
Economy

Motto : Fatherland, Liberty, Justice.


Madagascar
ISO 3166 codesCar'scurrency
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ISO
3c
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ISO
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MADMDGMAMDGMG.mg450RMMADMGF450261+3

EDM code : Etudiants Du Monde / Students of the World.
ITU code : International Communication Union.
FIPS code (FIPS 10-4) : intended for general use throughout the US Government.
ISO codes : International Organization for Standardization.

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Madagascar - Physical geography

Area : 587 040 Km2
Water : 1 %
Lands under cultivation : 5 %
Wild pasture lands : 41 %
Forests : 20 %

Min. Height : 0 m (Indian Ocean)
Max. Height : 2879 m (Tsaratanana)


Madagascar - Climate
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230
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35
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13
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9
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10
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45
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145
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255
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Jan
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May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Temperatures ░C (degrees Celsius) in Antananarivo
Rainfall (mm) in Antananarivo
(Average values for each month)


Madagascar - People
Nationality : Malagasy
Main language(s) : French, Malagasy

2002

2005
Population (2005) : 18 607 000 people
2002
2005
Density : 32 people / Km2
Fertility rate : 5.12 children / woman
Life expectancy : 56 years
Urban population : 27 %

Main cities :
880 000 people Antananarivo (capital)
160 000 people Toamasina (ex Tamatave)
135 000 people Fianarantsoa
130 000 people Mahajanga
110 000 people Antsirabe
65 000 people Toliary
60 000 people Antseranana


Madagascar - Economy
Currency : Franc (MGF) = 100 Centimes
Rate of exchange (Sept.2004) :

1 Euro = 12 224 Francs (MGF)

GDP (Gross Domestic Product), 2002 : 4.5 billion dollars
GDP per capita, 2002 : 242 dollars
GNP (Gross National Product), 2005 : 5.37 billion dollars
GNP per capita, 2005 : 289 dollars


Madagascar - Miscellaneous information
CONSUMPTION (individual / year) (world rank 1997) :
- Rice = 121 Kg (2)
MAIN NATURAL RESOURCES (world rank 2003) :
- Vanilla (1)
- Taroes (7)
- Mangoes (13)
- Rice (20)
- Coffee (21)
- Cocoa (23)
- Cloves
- Sugar cane
- Lychees
- Oxen (25)
- Shrimps
- Sisal (6)
RECORDS :
- Madagascar is the 4th largest island in the world (587 040 Km2).


Students of the World => Countries of the World => Madagascar
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Source of information : Le Quid - Atlas Economique Mondial 2007 du Nouvel Observateur - Maps & flags : CIA's World Fact Book
Countries of the World - (c) Students of the World / Etudiants du Monde - www.StudentsoftheWorld.info
Since 2001, December 6