India
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Geography
Climate
Population
Economy

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India
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INDINDININDIN.in356INDINDINR35691+5:30

EDM code : Etudiants Du Monde / Students of the World.
ITU code : International Communication Union.
FIPS code (FIPS 10-4) : intended for general use throughout the US Government.
ISO codes : International Organization for Standardization.

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India - Physical geography

Area : 3 291 000 Km2
Water : 9.5 %
Lands under cultivation : 57 %
Wild pasture lands : 4 %
Forests : 19 %

Min. Height : 0 m (Indian Ocean)
Max. Height : 8598 m (Kanchenjunga)


India - Climate
21░
69
_
24░
51
_
29░
42
_
36░
15
_
31░
16
_
39░
165
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35░
533
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34░
432
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34░
381
_
34░
79
_
28░
3
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23░
13
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Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Temperatures ░C (degrees Celsius) in Delhi
Rainfall (mm) in Delhi
(Average values for each month)


India - People
Nationality : Indian
Main language(s) : Hindi, English

2002

2005
Population (2005) : 1 095 161 000 people
2002
2005
Density : 333 people / Km2
Fertility rate : 2.88 children / woman
Life expectancy : 63 years
Urban population : 29 %

Main cities :
19 000 000 people Mumbai (Bombay) (aggl.)
10 000 000 people Mumbai (city)
12 300 000 people New Delhi (capital) (aggl.)
7 500 000 people Delhi
13 000 000 people Calcutta (aggl.)
4 500 000 people Calcutta (city)
4 000 000 people Madras (aggl=6.6 M)
3 200 000 people Haidarabad (aggl=6.7 M)
3 000 000 people Ahmadabad (aggl=4.2 M)
2 800 000 people Bangalore (aggl=5.5 M)
2 100 000 people Kanpur


India - Economy
Currency : Rupee (INR) = 100 Paisa
Rate of exchange (Sept.2004) :

1 Euro = 56 Rupees (INR)

GDP (Gross Domestic Product), 2002 : 502 billion dollars
GDP per capita, 2002 : 458 dollars
GNP (Gross National Product), 2005 : 793.02 billion dollars
GNP per capita, 2005 : 724 dollars


India - Miscellaneous information
MAIN NATURAL RESOURCES (world rank 2002) :
- Tea (1)
- Bananas (1)
- Mangoes (1)
- Beans (1)
- Lentils (1)
- Cauliflowers (1)
- Green peas (1)
- Chickpeas (1)
- Millet (1)
- Rice (2)
- Wheat (2)
- Sugar cane (2)
- Wood (2)
- Cereals (3)
- Potatoes (3)
- Cotton (3)
- Oranges (5)
- Oxen (1)
- Coal (4)
- Iron (5)
- Bauxite (7)
- Brown coal (12)
- Uranium (14)
- Zinc (15)
- Lead (16)
OTHER RESOURCES & PRODUCTS (world rank 1999) :
- Butter (1)
SERVICES :
- Call centres
- Software development
- Pharmaceutical research
RECORDS :
- Greatest recorded rainfalls for 1 year in the world = 2647 cm (Cherrapunji, 1860-61).
- 4th most populous urban agglomeration in the World = Bombay (Mumbai) (population = 19 M).


Students of the World => Countries of the World => India
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Source of information : Le Quid - Atlas Economique Mondial 2007 du Nouvel Observateur - Maps & flags : CIA's World Fact Book
Countries of the World - (c) Students of the World / Etudiants du Monde - www.StudentsoftheWorld.info
Since 2001, December 6