China
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China
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CHNCHNCHCHNCN.cn156RCCHNCNY15686+8

EDM code : Etudiants Du Monde / Students of the World.
ITU code : International Communication Union.
FIPS code (FIPS 10-4) : intended for general use throughout the US Government.
ISO codes : International Organization for Standardization.

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China - Physical geography

Area : 9 585 000 Km2
Water : 2.8 %
Lands under cultivation : 10 %
Wild pasture lands : 43 %
Forests : 17 %

Min. Height : -154 m (Turpan Pendi)
Max. Height : 8850 m (Mt Everest)


China - Climate
2
_
4
_
4░
6
_
15░
15
_
27░
30
_
31░
75
_
31░
250
_
30░
125
_
26░
60
_
20░
12
_
10░
8
_
2
_

-5░

-4░

-5░
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Temperatures ░C (degrees Celsius) in Pekin
Rainfall (mm) in Pekin
(Average values for each month)


China - People
Nationality : Chinese
Main language(s) : Chinese : Han (92%), Mandarin, Cantonese

2002

2005
Population (2005) : 1 303 934 000 people
2002
2005
Density : 136 people / Km2
Fertility rate : 1.85 children / woman
Life expectancy : 71 years
Urban population : 40 %

Main cities :
14 500 000 people Shanghai (aggl.)
7 800 000 people Shanghai (city)
12 800 000 people Pekin (aggl.)
7 000 000 people Pekin (Beijing) (capital)
9 500 000 people Tientsin (aggl.)
5 800 000 people Tientsin (city)
3 850 000 people Shenyang
3 850 000 people Wuhan
3 800 000 people Chongqing
3 500 000 people Guang-Zhou (Canton)
2 400 000 people Victoria (Hong Kong)


China - Economy
Currency : Ren-Min-Bi Yuan (CNY) = 10 Jiao = 100 Fen
Rate of exchange (Sept.2004) :

1 Euro = 10 CNY

GDP (Gross Domestic Product), 2002 : 1237 billion dollars
GDP per capita, 2002 : 949 dollars
GNP (Gross National Product), 2005 : 2263.8 billion dollars
GNP per capita, 2005 : 1736 dollars


China - Miscellaneous information
MAIN NATURAL RESOURCES (world rank 2002) :
- Rice (1)
- Wheat (1)
- Cereals (1)
- Potatoes (1)
- Cabbages (1)
- Carrots (1)
- Tomatoes (1)
- Apples (1)
- Cotton (1)
- Corn (2)
- Tea (2)
- Sugar cane (3)
- Wood (3)
- Honey (1)
- Eggs (1)
- Pigs (1)
- Sheeps (1)
- Iron (1)
- Zinc (1)
- Tin (1)
- Coal (1)
- Lead (2)
- Salt (2)
- Phosphates (3)
- Gold (4)
- Oil (6)
- Deposits of oil (11)
RECORDS :
- China has the highest number of border countries in the world (15 countries).
- 4th longest river in the world = Chang Jiang (Yangtse) (5900 Km).
- Largest lake in East Asia = Po Yang (5000 Km2).
- 4th longest suspension bridge in the world = Qing Ma (1377 m).
- The highest airport in the World = Bangda, Tibet (4739 m).
- From 1990 to 2000, China has reforested 18 063 Km2 of land (world record) (source = Guiness Book).
- Apleechan Island (near Hong Kong) has the highest population density in the world (60 000 people / Km2) (source = Guiness Book 2003).


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Source of information : Le Quid - Atlas Economique Mondial 2007 du Nouvel Observateur - Maps & flags : CIA's World Fact Book
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Since 2001, December 6